facilities for the preparation of superconducting cavities including 800°C and
1400°C baking, chemistry for surface treatment (BCP and electro-polishing),
high pressure water rinsing, CO2 cleaning with dry ice, large ISO4 clean rooms
The surface treatment recipe used for the production of 800
superconducting European XFEL cavities was developed by DESY and its partners.
Required infrastructure was prototyped in-house and later used to define
standards for the industrial production. A large number of TESLA cavities were
prepared by DESY since the mid 90-ies. Today emphasis is on smaller production
series but also on special cavities like SRF guns, single-cell or cavities from
research partners. Further optimized recipes are under study. Larger parts of
the infrastructure are installed either next or even in the clean rooms used
for the particle-free assembly of cavities to test stand inserts, or to
complete cavity strings.
Electro-polishing of superconducting cavities is part of the
state-of-the-art surface treatment. The shown infrastructure is operated at
DESY. The equivalent devices at cavity vendors are based on the DESY version.
Ultra High Vacuum (UHV) ovens are used to high temperature treat
niobium cavities prior to the chemical surface treatment. While industry
needs to produce and treat cavities with well established procedures, new
recipes can be developed in the research laboratories. Recently DESY modified
the shown oven to follow new baking schemes developed by partners at Fermilab
Dry-ice cleaning is successfully used to surface clean
normal-conducting accelerating structures. The treatment of superconducting
cavities is under study.
If you have further questions or would like to contact DESY regarding this technical platform, contact AMICI@desy.de
The assembly of superconducting accelerators requires large clean
rooms of ISO4 class. DESY is operating such infrastructure since almost 25
years. The picture is taken during the so-called string assembly of a
standard European XFEL accelerator module.